Advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) is a term used for a registered nurse (RN) who has the advanced master level of educational and clinical practice experience, over the basic nursing education and licensing requirements.
The basic types of advanced practice registered nurses ARPNs is as follows:
• Nurse practitioner (NP) – Qualified with wide array of primary and preventive health care, prescribe medication, diagnose and treat common minor illnesses and injuries. Nurse practitioner can be found working in clinics, nursing homes, hospitals, or private offices.
• Certified nurse-midwife (CNM) – Proficient with gynecological and low-risk obstetrical care. They attend to child births and can be found working in hospitals, birth centers, and homes if required.
• Clinical nurse specialist (CNS) – Handle a wide range of physical and mental health problems, and also have forte in consultation, research, education, and administration. Clinical nurse Specialist can be found working in hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, private offices, and community-based settings.
• Certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNA) – Administer anesthetics to the patients and are the oldest lot of the advanced nursing specialties. Approximately 65% of anesthesia is given by certified registered nurse anesthetists.
Doctorate in Nursing Practice is going to be the shift in standard for qualification to be a APRN by 2015.Clinical Nurse Leader (CNL) is another masters level role in nursing care delivery which is introduced into educational programs. There are other masters level nursing roles to cater to nursing education, nursing administration etc.
Based on individual interests the RN’s can advance their education and careers to their area of expertise and liking.